South Sudan: Conflict fuelled by increasing flow of legal and illegal small arms

A steady flow of small arms and light weapons to both state and non-state actors is fuelling a growing number of conflicts within and beyond South Sudan. According to a new report by the Small Arms Survey, the Government of South Sudan (GoSS) is now exploring the potential of signing defence contracts with a number of arms exporting states, including China, Russia and the US. Meanwhile, an increasing number of non-state actors including tribal and rebel militia groups, are able to acquire small arms illegally from external actors. According to the author, there is evidence to suggest that the armed forces of Sudan is the primary source of weapons for rebel militias in South Sudan. The report provides an overview of arms flows and holdings among both state and non-state armed forces